This is a guest post from FMF at Free Money Finance, a personal finance blog designed to help you grow your net worth. You can subscribe to Free Money Finance here.

Historically, “making six figures” has been to income earners what “becoming a millionaire” has been for those tracking their net worths — a lofty goal achieved by only a select few. And while neither a six-figure earner nor a millionaire can bask in the luxury they could a couple decades ago, there’s no doubt that earning over $100,000 a year still puts you in a select group.

In fact, the U.S. Census Bureau says that only 5.63% of individual income earners and only 17.8% of households had incomes of $100,000 or more in 2006. So despite the drop in purchasing power from the days of old, if you earn $100k or more each year, you’re still in an elite group.

How can you get into the six-figure club? There are many roads to this golden path (lottery, inheritance, take over a family business, etc.), but many, if not all, of these are out of your control. As such, I’m going to focus on what I consider to be the method that will give the most people the greatest chance of earning $100k or more — by developing a career and growing it over time. Specifically, I’m going to tell you how I got to six figures in seven years and how you can use these principles to do the same.

Words of warning
You’re probably skeptical. I’m okay with that at this point. Read on with an open mind and I think you’ll be pleased. And while I can assure you that the tips below are proven and repeatable, I must admit that they’re also challenging. Therefore I’d like to make the following perfectly clear before I get started:

These suggestions are difficult to follow. They require tough choices, time commitments, sacrifice, discipline and a bunch of other traits that most people don’t want to bother with. If they did, many more workers would make six figures. That’s their choice, of course, but these same people should then not complain that the steps won’t work (or are too hard or whatever.) This piece is not titled “Five EASY Steps to Six Figures in Seven Years” for a reason — they are not easy.

There are exceptions to these principles. Probably many exceptions. Just as with any personal finance advice, people’s situations, skills, opportunities, personalities, likes, dislikes, and so on are different. What works for one person may or may not work for another. (As J.D. often says, “Do what works for you.”)

I’m cheating a bit. Just to be completely honest, the seven years noted in the title are post-college (in my case post grad school.) One could argue that those years of schooling should count towards earning six figures. If you’d like to count them, go ahead. But “Five Steps to Six Figures in Thirteen Years” just doesn’t have the same ring to it as the current title.

These tips will work. They worked for me. This is exactly what I did to earn six figures in seven years. In addition, I’ve had many friends and colleagues do the same, so I know it’s repeatable — if you follow the steps.

I’ll end this preamble by saying I’m not trying to brag (though I realize some of this may sound like it), just offer you a first-hand experience of what worked for me. In fact, if you want to see how much humble pie I’ve had to eat during my career, read my series detailing all the jobs I’ve ever held. In it, you’ll see that my road was not smooth or without its own challenges. But even with those obstacles I’ve been able to live out the principles that follow and lead to a six-figure income. I hope you can do the same.

That said, here are my five steps to six figures in seven years.

Step one: Get a high-earning degree from a good school
It’s a fact of life that certain college degrees result in a higher earning potential. So graduating in one of these fields gives you a built-in jump on the pack as you try to reach six figures quickly. If you want to be a teacher, that’s fine; it’s a great and noble profession. But it’s likely you won’t be able to make six figures quickly (if ever). If you focus on the top few degrees (and the professions associated with them), you’ll get a big headstart towards reaching your goal.

Note that I suggest you go to a “good” school. In my opinion, you do not need to go to a top-notch college to make this work. I recommend going to the least expensive school that gets you the degree you need and the initial job you want. Once you do this, the school you attended makes very little difference in your career or earning potential.

I went to a top 25 business school (not top 10 or even top 20), but I left with only $5,000 in debt and the job I desired from my targeted employer. Before I decided to go to my school, I knew the employer I wanted to work for recruited there. You should know the same. Just like a résumé’s main purpose is to get you an interview, graduating from college’s primary purpose is to get you that first job and often a “good” school can do the job just as well as a “top” college.

Step two: Work for a name-brand employer at your first job.
No matter the field, there are certain companies that have an aura of respect around them — companies that are known to be good trainers and that are admired by people in your field, around the country, and, if good enough, the world. Some of these include: Google, Apple, Disney, Nike, Procter and Gamble, the Mayo Clinic, Pixar, McKinsey, and so on.

There are two main reasons you want to work for a top-notch company:

  1. They generally pay well (though maybe not the best), and you certainly want to have as high of a starting salary as possible, and
  2. Working for these companies gives your résumé an added boost since they are “known” to develop excellent workers. As such, they are companies that other companies recruit from, offering you more (and better) job opportunities in the future. Almost twenty years after I worked at one of these great companies I have colleagues, recruiters, and employers (when I’m interviewing) regularly say something like, “Wow, you worked there” or “You have some great experience” simply because I worked for a name-brand company two decades ago.

How can you get employed by one of these companies? Simple: go to a school where the company recruits (review Step One again). Beyond that, network with alumni, school administrators, and anyone else associated with your target company (or companies) to give yourself the best advantage of getting hired. I happened to know an undergraduate student that went to my target company during my second year of grad school. I kept in touch with him and he was instrumental in getting me hired (and we eventually became roommates).

Step three: Perform
There’s no way getting around it — if you want to be on the earnings fast-track, you need to be on the high-end of the performance scale. What does this mean exactly? It means you need to find out what your employer expects of someone in your position and give them much more than that. If your expectation is to save the company $50,000, work to save it $100,000. If you need to grow sales 7%, work to grow them 12%. If your goal is to get five new customers ordering your product, work to get eight. If you over-deliver versus your expectations and so consistently and with a variety of different projects, you will be a high-level performer and receive a commensurate level of financial rewards.

In addition, you can really super-charge your performance (and thus your pay) if you work on any of the following:

  • Problem projects (turning them from problems to advantages for the company)
  • Important, high-profile assignments that get you noticed by those higher up in the organization, and
  • Big businesses that are vital to the company’s success.

Of course, these opportunities are a double-edged sword — they can propel your career if you succeed, but they can also devastate it if you crash-and-burn.

Finally, having a good, pleasant attitude is at least a tie-breaker (some say it’s more) that will help you advance in your career. Everyone likes performers with good attitudes more than performers with poor attitudes, so be positive — it might just pay off for you (literally).

Step four: Manage your career aggressively
Big pay bumps, even for high fliers, don’t usually come with the frequency or size that they should. After all, many employers are quite happy giving you the least they can even if you’re slam-dunking projects left and right. That’s why you need to:

  • Regularly ask for raises (FYI, if you’re doing Step Three, asking for and getting a raise becomes a whole lot easier).
  • Ask for promotions when available (these usually include a decent salary bump).
  • Network regularly with people both inside and outside the company. Some of these interactions will help you discover opportunities for advancement.
  • Consider moving companies. This can be a good strategy since many of the biggest increases in both pay and responsibility can be found with a company shift — especially if you’re moving from one of the companies listed in Step Two.

The main point I want to emphasize here is you can’t allow your career to be on auto-pilot. If you do, you’ll get auto-pilot raises and auto-pilot opportunities, and you’ll severely limit your chances for making the big bucks. But if you work at it, you can get regular, meaningful salary increases — something that’s even more important than starting with a high starting salary.

J.D.’s note: This seems like a good place to add a brief interjection. As you move from job-to-job, remember the importance of knowing how to negotiate your salary. One of the best ways to earn more is to ask for it.

Step five: Have some luck
I hate that this is on the list, but I have to be honest: Luck is a factor in the success of your career. The reason I hate it is that it’s the one tip you can influence the least (if at all). Sure, you can try to make your own luck by putting yourself in the right situations, accepting the right jobs, selecting the best employers and so on, but ultimately, much of life and the results of work are out of your hands.

All I can suggest here is to look at all the pros and cons of a job change, promotion, business situation, etc. and consider them carefully — trying to maximize the number of events where luck is in your favor and minimizing the ones where you get bad luck. Also learn to ride good luck as long as you can and cut your losses as quickly as possible when bad luck shows up.

Conclusion
That’s it. Those are the five steps I used to grow my income to six figures in seven years, and they’re the same tips that have helped me maintain my income growth past that point. I can’t guarantee that they’ll get you to six figures in seven years, but I can say that if you apply them to your career, I’m pretty confident that your income will grow much faster than it would have if you had not applied them.

Some of you may be thinking “That’s great advice — I wish I had it 20 years ago.” In other words, you’re past the point where a few of these steps work, so what can you do now to increase your income? My suggestion is to get into the process above at the earliest possible step.

For example, if you think it’s worth it and you have the time and money, consider going back to school (step one) to get a new/better degree. If this isn’t a possibility or not very practical, start networking your way into a name-brand company (step two). And if this isn’t feasible, everyone can at least start with step three no matter where they are in their career.

The later you jump into the process, the less impact it’s likely to have on the goal of reaching six figures. However, applying even just the latter steps (especially three and four) will allow you to grow your income far more than it would if simply left to drift on its own.

Step photo by Lazurite. Graduation photo by Eralon. Clover photo by Cygnus921.

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