Developing an investment policy statement
I'm in the process of consolidating all of my investments under one roof. This includes:
- My Roth IRA (currently with Sharebuilder)
- My profit-sharing pension through the family box factory (currently with Vanguard)
- My self-employed 401(k) (now at Fidelity)
- My non-retirement accounts (scattered hither and yon)
Between these accounts I have a large sum to invest. I don't know the exact total (the market fluctuates daily, and I don't really know the value of the Vanguard stuff), but it's over $100,000. That may not be a lot to you, but it's a lot to me. When I was struggling with money, retirement saving was one of the only things I got right. (And that's because it was automatic; I had no control over it.)
Because I have so much to invest, I've begun to speak with financial advisors. Some advisors aren't interested in taking on clients unless they have very large sums to invest (over $500,000, for example). But others are willing to help those who are building wealth. I've spoken with advisors at my business bank, at my credit union, and at Fidelity. I intend to call others, too.
The problem I keep facing is that I'm not sure what my investment goals are. Advisors ask me, “What do you want to do with your money?” This is difficult to answer. Do I want to protect the money I've already earned? Or do I want it to grow as much as possible? I need to determine my investment goals.
One of the best pieces of advice I've found comes from The Quiet Millionaire by Brett Wilder. This book has been on the top of my to-read stack for months, but I've only recently begun to plumb its depths. Wilder encourages readers to develop an “investment policy statement”:
The investment policy statement should provide specific investment guidelines for you and your investment advisor to follow. The policy should specify how the portfolio is to be structured, the targeted rate of return, the time horizon for expected results, the risk tolerance level parameters, the amount and timing for anticipated contributions and withdrawals, and the emergency liquidity needs.
Having a written policy statement enables you to have a clear reminder about your personal expectations for the portfolio, and it will help you to monitor the performance accordingly. By being organized and prepared, you are less likely to fall into the “emotional investor” category and more likely to stay focused on monitoring the portfolio's performance relative to meeting your specific planning goals and objectives.
I've never made any sort of formal declaration of my investment objectives. I've kept a sort of rough internal guide to the things I want to do (invest in index funds, retire early, etc.), but I haven't written down my objectives or how I mean to reach them.
Do I want to build as much wealth as possible? Do I want to protect the wealth that I have? Am I interested in income? And what is my investment philosophy? Am I willing to accept greater risk in exchange for greater possible returns? How do I feel about administrative costs? Taxes? Diversification?
These questions are not easy to answer. We all want high investment returns with no risk. But those aren't possible. So how do we compromise? How do we develop investment policies that match our values and our goals?
I'm not sure, but I'll be sure to share with you as I find the answers.