Unintended consequences: The side effects of our financial choices
I just returned to Portland after a week in New York City, a week during which I spent five days packed with personal-finance meetings and events. (I'll have plenty to say about those meetings and events in upcoming articles.)
While I was away, Kim was responsible for managing our tiny little household — one puppy and two kittens — all by herself. This proved challenging since she was also working twelve-hour days as a fill-in dental hygienist.
“I'll tell you what,” she said when I got home. “This week taught me just how important quality of life is.”
“What do you mean?” I asked.
“Well, because the animals were home alone all day, they needed a lot of attention every evening. Like three hours of attention. Especially the dog. On the days I worked across town, that meant I was getting home at 6:00 or 6:30 and having to entertain the animals until bedtime. It didn't leave me time for anything else.”
“That sucks,” I said.
“It was frustrating,” Kim said. “But one day I worked at the dental office just up the street. I walked to work. I had so much more free time. I had more free time in the morning, and I had more free time in the evening. The dog was still wild when I got home, but I got home at 4:30, which meant I had time to take her for a long walk before dinner. And I still had that done before the time I'd been getting home from the offices across town.”
“Sounds like you should try to get a job at the office up the street,” I said.
“I agree,” Kim said. “Even if they were to pay me less money, it'd be worth it for the increase in quality of life.”
Kim's observation is nothing new, of course. For a long time, I've preached the importance of picking homes and jobs that match your lifestyle — and encouraged folks to live as close to work as possible. With few exceptions, a long commute is simply wasted time (and wasted money).
But her comments reminded me of a conversation I had during my week in New York. Somebody — and I can't remember who because I didn't take notes during this particular discussion — was describing the importance of what they called “secondary effects” and how people generally forget to factor them into their decisions.
“What do you mean by secondary effects?” I asked.
“Well,” my friend said, “when you move to a new home, the primary effects are those that are most obvious: the layout of the home and how it influences your life, the quality of the neighborhood, the cost of the mortgage.”
“That makes senese,” I said.
“But the secondary effects are those that you and other bloggers write about. What is your commute like? Can you walk to do your errands? If you're moving from another region, how's the cost of living compared to your old place? What do your neighbors value? And how do all of these things align with your goals and values?”
“It sounds to me like you're talking about side effects,” I said.
“Exactly,” my friend said. “Most of the time when people make money decisions, they only consider one thing — or, at most, a handful of things. They don't often think about the side effects.“
As I say, I don't remember who I had this conversation with, and that's too bad. I'd love to give them credit. At the time, it seemed like a minor discussion, but I've been thinking about it for days. (This is why I usually carry a notebook with me!)
I've come to the conclusion that the side effects of our financial decisions (and other major life choices) generally have a greater impact than the primary reason we make the choice. So, for instance, if you buy a new car because you're tired of your old one, the primary intended effect is that you have a new vehicle that is a pleasure to drive. But the secondary effects might be increased debt and/or lower savings, reduced (or increased) fuel consumption, and higher insurance rates.
A Real-Life Example
Here's an example from my own life: When I bought this condo in 2013, the primary effects were a loss of $342,000 in cash and re-location to a very walkable neighborhood. (I intentionally chose to live in a place where I could walk for 95% of my errands.) But there were some side effects I didn't consider:
- The HOA fee is a burden. I pay $535 per month, which covers landscaping, maintenance, gas, water, and sewer. That seems like a lot. (Yes, I'm aware that if I owned a single-family home, I'd probably spend around 1% of its value on maintenance each year.)
- There's no escaping the sun — and rain. Because we live on the top floor, there's no shelter or shade from the elements. Sounds minor, but it keeps us from spending time on our balcony. The HOA bylaws prevent us from erecting a permanent structure to alleviate the problem, so we're left with an umbrella that sort of works. But not really.
- The puppy has no place to play (or poop). When I bought the place, of course, we had no pets — and had no plans for any. Although both Kim and I love animals, we'd only just begun to date when I purchased the condo, and we were both more interested in travel than nesting. After 4+ years together, our priorities have changed. Now we have a puppy and two kittens, all of whom wish they could spend more time outside. We walk Tahlequah 2-3 hours per day, but it'd be nice if we had a yard.
- There's limited parking. When we have people over for dinner or drinks, it can be a hassle — especially if there's an event bringing traffic to the nearby amusement park.
- Groceries are expensive. This is an upscale neighborhood with upscale shops. Sure, I could drive to less-costly places to buy food and household goods, but that'd defeat one of my primary goals (walking for errands). So, I mostly shop at the local natural-food store, which offers good quality but at a price. On the rare days I drive — like yesterday — I make an effort to stock up at a chain grocery store while I'm out and about.
- We're closer with our neighbors. Because there are 39 other units in this building, we see folks every single day. Fortunately, we're outgoing and we like the other people who live here. But we definitely did not count on the social side of things when we opted to buy this place.
I could go on, but I think you get the point. I picked this place because of its location and because the cost-to-value was fantastic. Plus, the view is amazing. Just look at it!
But there were a lot of side effects that came from the purchase. Some of these were surprises and I would never have guessed them (the pet problem, the exposure to the elements), but some I could have foreseen (the parking, the expensive shops, the social aspect)…if I'd spent some time thinking things through. Would being aware of these consequences have altered my decision? Probably not. But I think it would've been smart to have considered these things before making my purchase.
The Bottom Line
It's not just secondary effects that we ought to be more aware of. For large moves especially, there are often tertiary effects. From my example above:
- Because the sun is oppressive during the summer, Kim and I don't grill as much as we both would like.
- Because the cats don't get outside as much as they'd like, they're too bold when they do get to explore the patio. (They climb onto the railing and walk it like some furry little acrobats four floors above the ground!)
- Because groceries are so expensive, we eat out more often.
- And so on.
Again, some secondary effects are tough to foresee. (And I'd argue that nearly all tertiary effects amount to blind spots. You just can't be aware of them until you actually experience them.) All the same, there are still plenty of side effects that can be predicted — especially if we take time to think through our decisions.
For example, many folks seem to forget that when they buy a home, they're going to want to furnish it. I'm not sure why, but this is a huge blindspot for lots of homebuyers. It shouldn't be. With just a little foresight, you can predict how much you'll need to spend to set up your new place. It doesn't have to be a surprise.
The bottom line is that I now have a new goal: When talking with people about their financial decisions, I'm going to encourage them to look past the obvious, past the immediate intended consequences. I'm going to urge them to consider possible side effects and how those could change their lives.
Now I'm curious. I'd like to hear from you. Do you have a particularly good example of side effects — predicted or not — that have come from making a big move? (Or from a small move, even?) What sorts of secondary effects have you experienced in your life? Better yet, what sorts of tertiary effects have you encountered from your decisions?