The lottery: An “investment” for fools (with bonus lottery simulator!)
Over the years, I've done some foolish things with my finances. I've squandered money on comic books. I've speculated on risky stocks, hoping to make a quick fortune. I've paid a gazillion dollars — or something close to it — in credit-card interest and bank fees. I spent large windfalls on the latest technological gadgets.
No, I'm by no means perfect with money.
One trap I've managed to avoid, though, is the lottery. Playing the lottery has never tempted me. Maybe it's because I know the odds are always overwhelmingly stacked against the player — I know I can't win the lottery, so why bother?
A Fool and His Money…
Not everyone is so lucky. For some, gambling is an addiction. It may start as innocent fun, but it grows beyond that, becomes a financial funnel, draining dollars from their daily lives. And some in dire financial straits may actually view the lottery as an investment strategy!
According to this Wired magazine article:
While approximately half of Americans buy at least one lottery ticket at some point, the vast majority of tickets are purchased by about 20 percent of the population. These high-frequency players tend to be poor and uneducated, which is why critics refer to lotteries as a regressive tax. (In a 2006 survey, 30 percent of people without a high school degree said that playing the lottery was a wealth-building strategy.) On average, households that make less than $12,400 a year spend 5 percent of their income on lotteries — a source of hope for just a few bucks a throw.
Just how foolish is it to play the lottery? It depends on the game you play, of course. I once calculated that for every buck my brother spent on a scratch-off game, he could expect to get roughly fifty cents in return. (That's if he bought a bunch of tickets, of course. If you only buy a few, anything can happen.)
It's even more depressing to take a look at the odds for lottery drawings. Here, for instance, are the odds of winning the Mega Millions lottery. They're not good. You have about a one in forty chance of winning something. Your odds of winning the big jackpot (by matching the five main numbers and the bonus number) are roughly 1 in 175,000,000.
But that's pretty tough to visualize, right? I mean, 175 million is a big number. No worries! Rob Cockerham at Cockeyed.com whipped up a little widget that lets you simulate the Mega Millions lottery. This is a great way to see just how fruitless the lottery is.
I liked Cockerham's widget so much that I asked the GRS technical elves (who live next door to the GRS social media elves) to build one for me. Here, inspired by Cockerham's original, is the Get Rich Lottery simulator. How much can you win? (Note that this widget is a little fussy in Internet Explorer. It seems to work fine in every other browser, though. Go figure.)
In fact, because I'm just that geeky, I wrote down my results for 100 consecutive plays. (I used “quick pick” and “play these numbers 1040” times.) In other words, that's the equivalent of playing Mega Millions twice a week for one thousand years. In a millenium of playing the lottery twice a week, I never once won big. My biggest prize was $500. Other stats:
- I “invested” $104,000 in the lottery simulator.
- I “won” $11,554.
- Thus, my total return was -88.89%.
- After 100 virtual ten-year periods, the average I had left after putting $1040 into the lottery was $115.54.
My best result? After one virtual ten-year period, I had $386 remaining. I'd love to know how well you do playing with this lottery simulator; post your results to the comments below! Surely somebody out there in the GRS audience can win big!
Almost anything is a better “investment” than flushing your money down the lottery toilet. In his book Stocks for the Long Run, Jeremy Siegel crunched the numbers to find the historical performance of several common investments. The results? Since 1926:
- Gold has a real return (meaning: “after-inflation return”) of about 1%.
- By my calculations (not Siegel's), real estate also has a real return of about 1%.
- Bonds have returned about 5%, or about 2.4% after inflation.
- Stocks have returned an average of about 10% per year, and a real return (or inflation adjusted-return) of about 6.8%.
These options are volatile, of course, meaning the returns one year can be negative (though not nearly as bad as playing the lottery), and the returns the next can be positive. If you're looking for a “sure thing”, you're left with so-called safe investments, such as savings accounts and certificates of deposit.
Savings accounts and CDs have paltry returns right now, but they're sure to rise as the economy improves. And even a 1% interest rate crushes an ongoing 88.89% loss on your money. (Not to mention that the lottery numbers I calculated above don't factor in inflation!)
Let's assume you inherit $100,000 and want to invest it. Let's also assume that you're going to put it one investment vehicle and leave it there for thirty years. (And that your returns on this investment will compound monthly.)
- If you invested in gold or real estate (or a savings account), you might expect to have about $135,000 after inflation.
- If you invested in bonds, you'd probably have about $200,000 after inflation.
- If you invested in stocks, your could have over $750,000.
- But if you “invested” in the lottery, you'd have nothing. After ten years, you'd have just ten bucks left. After 17 years, you'd have a penny — which you'd promptly lose. And again, the numbers for the lottery don't factor in inflation.
So, if you really want to strike it rich, don't play the lottery. Do something boring with your money. Take advantage of the extraordinary power of compound interest to get rich slowly. If you don't have a Roth IRA, start one. Use it to buy indexed mutual funds. If that sounds too complicated for you, then open a savings account.
There's no question: Playing the lottery as a strategy to gain money is a fool's game. Play the lottery for fun if you want, but don't do it because you think it's going to help your financial situation.
Many folks win big jackpots, only to lose the money — or their happiness. People are fools to play the lottery, and they often remain fools after winning. Some examples:
- Milwaukee Magazine: Lottery Hell
- Money UK: How the Lives of 10 Lottery Winners Went Disastrously Wrong
- USA Today: Lottery Winners' Good Luck Can Go Bad Fast
- The Lotto Report: Sad but True Lotto Winners Stories
A 2001 article in The American Economic Review found that after receiving half their jackpots, the typical lottery winner had only put about 16% of that money into savings. It's estimated that over a quarter of lottery winners go bankrupt. Take Bud Post: He won $16.2 million in 1988. When he died in 2006, Post was living on a $450 monthly disability check. “I was much happier when I was broke,” he's reported to have said. Even when they win, lottery winners often lose.